Magnetosphere, Ionosphere and Solar-Terrestrial

Latest news

RAS Awards

The Royal Astronomical Society announced their award recipients last week, and MIST Council would like to congratulate all that received an award. In particular, we would like to highlight the following members of the MIST Community, whose work has been recognised:
  • Professor Nick Achilleos (University College London) - Chapman Medal
  • Dr Oliver Allanson (University of Birmingham) - Fowler Award
  • Dr Ravindra Desai (University of Warwick) - Winton Award & RAS Higher Education Award
  • Professor Marina Galand (Imperial College London) - James Dungey Lecture

New MIST Council 2021-

There have been some recent ingoings and outgoings at MIST Council - please see below our current composition!:

  • Oliver Allanson, Exeter (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.), to 2024 -- Chair
  • Beatriz Sánchez-Cano, Leicester (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.), to 2024
  • Mathew Owens, Reading (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.), to 2023
  • Jasmine Sandhu, Northumbria (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.), to 2023 -- Vice-Chair
  • Maria-Theresia Walach, Lancaster (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.), to 2022
  • Sarah Badman, Lancaster (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.), to 2022
    (co-opted in 2021 in lieu of outgoing councillor Greg Hunt)

Charter amendment and MIST Council elections open

Nominations for MIST Council open today and run through to 8 August 2021! Please feel free to put yourself forward for election – the voting will open shortly after the deadline and run through to the end of August. The positions available are:

  • 2 members of MIST Council
  • 1 student representative (pending the amendment below passing)

Please email nominations to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. by 8 August 2021. Thank you!

Charter amendment

We also move to amend the following articles of the MIST Charter as demonstrated below. Bold type indicates additions and struck text indicates deletions. Please respond to the email on the MIST mailing list before 8 August 2021 if you would like to object to the amendment; MIST Charter provides that it will pass if less than 10% of the mailing list opposes its passing. 

4.1  MIST council is the collective term for the officers of MIST and consists of six individuals and one student representative from the MIST community.

5.1 Members of MIST council serve terms of three years, except for the student representative who serves a term of one year.

5.2 Elections will be announced at the Spring MIST meeting and voting must begin within two months of the Spring MIST meeting. Two slots on MIST council will be open in a given normal election year, alongside the student representative.

5.10 Candidates for student representative must not have submitted their PhD thesis at the time that nominations close.

SSAP roadmap update

The STFC Solar System Advisory Panel (SSAP) is undertaking a review of the "Roadmap for Solar System Research", to be presented to STFC Science Board later this year. This is expected to be a substantial update of the Roadmap, as the last full review was carried out in 2012, with a light-touch update in 2015.

The current version of the SSAP Roadmap can be found here.

In carrying out this review, we will take into account changes in the international landscape, and advances in instrumentation, technology, theory, and modelling work. 

As such, we solicit your input and comments on the existing roadmap and any material we should consider in this revision. This consultation will close on Wednesday 14 July 2021 and SSAP will try to give a preliminary assessment of findings at NAM.

This consultation is seeking the view of all members of our community and we particularly encourage early career researchers to respond. Specifically, we invite:

Comments and input on the current "Roadmap for Solar System Research" via the survey by clicking here.

Short "white papers" on science investigations (including space missions, ground-based experimental facilities, or computing infrastructure) and impact and knowledge exchange (e.g. societal and community impact, technology development). Please use the pro-forma sent to the MIST mailing list and send your response to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Quo vadis interim board


A white paper called "Quo vadis, European space weather community" has been published in J. Space Weather Space Clim. which outlines plans for the creation of an organisation to represent the European space weather community.
Since it was published, an online event of the same name was organised on 17 March 2021. A “Quo Vadis Interim Board” was then set up, to establish a mechanism for this discussion, which will go on until June 21st.

The Interim Board is composed of volunteers from the community in Europe. Its role is to coordinate the efforts so that the space weather (and including space climate) European community can:

  1. Organise itself
  2. Elect people to represent them

To reach this goal, the Interim Board is inviting anyone interested in and outside Europe to join the “Quo Vadis European Space Weather Community ” discussion forum.

Eligible European Space Weather Community members should register to the “Electoral Census” to be able to vote in June for the final choice of organisation.

This effort will be achieved through different actions indicated on the Quo Vadis webpage and special Slack workspace.

Modeling the Time-Dependent Magnetic Fields That BepiColombo Will Use to Probe Down Into Mercury's Mantle

By Sophia Zomerdijk-Russell (Imperial College London)

The interior structure of a magnetised planet can be determined by using electromagnetic induction processes that results from solar-wind-driven magnetopause variability. To determine a profile of conductivity through depth within a planet, a broad spectrum of inducing fields is needed, as each discrete frequency will probe to a certain depth.

In preparation for the arrival of BepiColombo at Mercury in 2025, we have identified the opportunity to use Helios data to assess how solar wind ram pressure forcing can drive magnetopause variability at Mercury, as Helios took measurements during a similar phase of the Solar Cycle that BepiColombo is expected to see on its arrival. We find that Mercury’s magnetosphere is bombarded by a highly variable and unpredictable solar wind with a broad range of frequency signals and that the inducing field generated in response to the variable solar wind ram pressure is non-uniform across the planet’s surface.

A solar wind ram pressure time series from Helios measurements and the KT17 Hermean magnetospheric field model (Korth et al., 2017) were then used to generate a ram pressure driven inducing field spectra at two points on Mercury’s surface. In power spectra of these example inducing field spectra, frequency signals were found to peak between ~5.510-5 and 1.510-2 Hz. Heyner et al. (2021) determined that signals with these frequencies should penetrate into Mercury’s crust and mantle.

Particular orbital configurations of the BepiColombo mission will have MPO inside Mercury’s magnetosphere and Mio measuring the upstream solar wind, see Figure 1. Therefore, the dual spacecraft nature of the BepiColombo mission will be well suited to investigate Mercury’s magnetosphere’s response to external solar wind variability and allow a conductivity profile through to the mantle to be derived from observations of solar wind driven inducing field spectra with timescales seen in this work.

Figure 1. Schematic showing particular BepiColombo MPO (purple) and Mio (orange) spacecraft orbital configurations that will be useful for utilising electromagnetic sounding techniques at Mercury. An average location of the magnetopause is shown in green. Magnetopause variability inducing field signals on the order of a few minutes to a few hours will be able to penetrate through Mercury’s crust and into the mantle, shown by the blue shaded region.

Original article for further detail:

Zomerdijk-Russell, S., Masters, A., Korth, H., & Heyner, D. (2023). Modeling the time-dependent magnetic fields that BepiColombo will use to probe down into Mercury's mantle. Geophysical Research Letters, 50, e2022GL101607. https://doi.org/10.1029/2022GL101607


Heyner, D., Auster, H.-U., Fornaçon, K.-H., Carr, C., Richter, I., Mieth, J. Z. D., Kolhey, P., Exner, W., Motschmann, U., Baumjohann, W., Matsuoka, A., Magnes, W., Berghofer, G., Fischer, D., Plaschke, F., Nakamura, R., Narita, Y., Delva, M., Volwerk, M., … Glassmeier, K.-H. (2021). The BepiColombo Planetary Magnetometer MPO-MAG: What Can We Learn from the Hermean Magnetic Field? Space Science Reviews, 217(4), 52. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-021-00822-x

Korth, H., Johnson, C. L., Philpott, L., Tsyganenko, N. A., & Anderson, B. J. (2017). A Dynamic Model of Mercury’s Magnetospheric Magnetic Field. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(20), 10,147-10,154. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL074699